The birth of cooperative movements in the Ivory Coast has its roots since independence in 1960. Called GVC (Groupement à vocation coopérative), the cooperative movement went through several reforms, in particular that of 1997, that of 2002 and that of 2013 which gave the status of company.
While these reforms have all been intended to improve the institutional and legislative framework for cooperatives, we observe that the sector’s difficulties persist. These are the insufficient financing of cooperatives by banking structures, poor governance, the inorganization of the sector, estimated at around 3,000 cooperatives today, the latter working in an environment that has not yet been clarified with too much involvement. of State.
Indeed, agricultural cooperatives are struggling to emerge. Many of them have a license without actually working in the field. In other words, co-operatives that are supposed to be created by producers fail to function. How can this be possible, if these cooperatives have to collect the products of these members?
The first reason is the size of these cooperatives. Since it is the state that sets the margin to be charged on transactions for export products, the cooperatives do not conduct a feasibility study. This problem leads to the non-functioning or the collapse of several cooperatives. In addition to this problem, the activities of cooperatives are carried out in a poorly structured environment with poorly trained growers who are left behind.
However, it should be noted that almost all of the two million tonnes of cocoa in Côte d’Ivoire are collected by cooperatives.
Even if cooperatives are struggling to develop here in Côte d’Ivoire, several initiatives are taken both by the State (we can cite the census of coffee and cocoa producers in court, etc.), private structures and cooperatives. to clean up the environment and reassure the technical and financial partners.
by, Désiré Adon, Ivoiry Cost, West Africa